What causes autism?

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Monday, May 20, 2019

What causes autism?

What causes autism?

Autism tends to be repeated in families, where it is more than twice as likely to have a sibling infected, so scientists believe that genes may play an important role in the development of the disease. Some studies show a role for the child's environment in the development of autism, such as exposure to certain chemicals or physical diseases (scientists have observed an increase in autism in children with pulmonary tuberculosis, and many children with autism have gastrointestinal disorders) . Some studies in neuroscience, through the use of CT scans of the brain, showed clear differences in these children in neural connections, especially in the temporal and temporal areas of the brain (which play a key role in language and social communication).

There has been a lot of confusion about the role of vaccinations in the development of autism. There have been mostly religious and social movements, particularly in the United States, to encourage people to refuse to vaccinate their children, according to one research report issued by a US physician several years ago. This research has been proven flawlessly through extensive medical and scientific studies on a large number of children around the world and over several years. In addition, the German measles infection during pregnancy may cause her child to become autistic; therefore, it is advisable to vaccinate mothers against measles during pregnancy.

A doctor looking to diagnose this disease?

The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that children be screened on a regular basis to detect any problems in their development, social skills and daily activities, increasing the chances of successful treatment and reducing the negative effects of the disease as it is detected.

If the doctor detects any abnormalities or delays in the child's developmental development, the child is referred to a pediatric specialist, a psychiatrist (especially a child psychiatrist) or a psychologist.

The doctor performs many psychological and medical tests for the child. The doctor begins an intensive examination of the patient's developmental and developmental history, general blood and urine tests and other medical examinations. Radiology tests are usually performed, especially in the case of seizures. Chromosomes are also examined. Some chromosomal diseases, such as Fragile X Syndrome, which are somewhat associated with the disease, are not autistic, but most autistic patients do not exhibit any chromosomal or somatic disorders. Sometimes, doctors check the level of lead in the blood, especially for children living in an environment exposed to this heavy metal, which may cause symptoms of autism.

How widespread is it?

Global rates of autism are estimated at 10-15 per 10,000 inhabitants (about 1 person per 1,000 people). The proportion of males with autism is two to five times that of females, and Japan is the highest in the world.

This is due to the great development of medicine and the early detection of the disease in Japan, but some believe that the large consumption of seafood in Japanese culture, which is associated with gastrointestinal infections, may play a role in the development of autism.

How is it treated?

Since there is a difference in symptoms among autistic people in severity and behavior, it is recommended to tailor treatment methods to suit the needs and uniqueness of each child. However, in general, there are some guidelines that are recommended for maximum benefit and improvement.

1. Behavioral training:

This type of therapy uses positive reinforcement, self-help, and social skills training, to improve their behavior and communication skills. Many treatments have been developed in this area, including physical and functional therapy and speech therapy.

Speech therapy helps the child improve his or her verbal skills and helps them communicate better with others. Occupational and physical therapy may contribute significantly to improving any imbalance in motor skills and consistency. Functional therapy also helps children understand and interpret sensory stimuli (eyesight, hearing, touch, smell and taste) better.

2. Drug therapy:

Your doctor may use some medications to control some of the symptoms associated with autism, such as depression, anxiety, hyperactivity, and compulsive behavior.

3. Family and community support:

By participating in support groups for autistic families and providing a suitable and supportive family environment.

In the end, the parents have a greater responsibility to observe any unusual behavior on their children, and to be sure to visit the doctor regularly to ensure maximum response to treatment.

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